ANALYSIS: Changing Structures in the World Trade: Increasing Regionalisation and Its Implications


If the EU would be successful in agreeing on regulations and achieving RTAs with the former Quad group (US, EU, Japan, Canada) and then attract other nations to join and achieve convergence or mutual recognition of regulations it could set new standards for trade, regain rule-making capacity and ensure its long term position as a central pole shaping globalisation in the 21st century.



Author: Julian Grinschgl

EU Enlargement: 'The Good, The Bad and the Ugly'


It is currently uncertain if the EU’s force will remain as strong, whether in 27 Member States format or as a larger union with new full members. With the rising tensions and the fragile situation surrounding this aspect of foreign policy, it is not surprising that EU enlargement is a recipe encompassing all states of affairs: ‘the good, the bad, and the ugly’ (The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, 1966). 



Author: Ioana Onu 

EU and Japan Increase Efforts to Tackle Rising Protectionism


The EU, besides gaining economic benefits, can present itself as an alternative to the US in Asia and appear as a reliable big player in the global economy and as a defender of rules-based trade and promoter of economic interdependence and the liberal international order. 



Author: Julian Grinschgl

Improving the Future of MENA Region by Engaging with Its Youth


On the economic side, the EU’s private sector, which is deeply involved in MENA, could introduce best practices in the form of traineeships while financial services providers could help push away barriers to credit by offering innovative and inclusive consumer loans, thus enabling the youth and especially women to find self-sustaining livelihoods.   



Author: Daniel Moshashai

ANALYSIS: The EU's Institutional and Policy Shortcomings in the MENA Region


Bridging the EU's vital interests in the MENA region amid an immensely complex institutional structure as well as diverging positions of its Member States, has proven to be extraordinarily difficult for the EU and has raised questions about the efficiency and importance of the EU as a global actor. 



Author: Stefan Pfalzer 

Guarding the Iran Nuclear Deal from Trump's Heightened Hostility


Therefore, by expanding cooperation in economic, political and nuclear fields, the EU adopts

a strategy of constructive engagement and assumes a positive role in entangling Iran within

the international community and ensuring that the country respects the JCPOA.



Author: Daniel Moshashai

Belarusian Social Parasites: Inflaming Minsk and Moscow


If history provides any indication, dictators globally will continue to reject dissent.  Based on his recent escalatory policy of violence to confront protestors, President Lukashenka is unlikely to break with this tradition. The selection of brutality to quell this democratic uprising is only too well received in the Kremlin. It not only serves the purpose of maintaining Moscow’s vassal state relationship with Minsk, but also echoes a message to revolting Russians that there will be little hesitation to use force.



Author: Roger Hilton

In Leaders we Trust: Transparency of American Politics


People who wield extensive power carry a great burden of responsibility towards the people who elected them and should be held responsible for their actions. This legislation makes it more difficult to track down and monitor activities of the lawmakers. And it might become a source of the new found power for America’s biggest corporations, as people with much power but little accountability are prone to corruption and favouritism. 



Author: Jakub Zientala

ANALYSIS: From the SU-24 Crisis To the Moscow-Ankara rapprochement: Leadership and Foreign Policy Doctrines


The mainstream narrative on Turkish-Russian relations is one of rivalry throughout history. More accurately, one could say that it is characterised by a series of crises and rapprochements due to overlapping strategic interests.



Author: Federico Salvati

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS CAREERS: Event Manager in a Research Institute 


Interview with Ana Mohoric, Event Manager and Fellowship Program Assistant at the Institute for Human Sciences (IWM) in Vienna. IWM is an independent institute for advanced study in the field of humanities and social sciences. 



Interviewed by: Kinga Jaromin

The United Kingdom – United States Cooperation: A Threat to the European Union?


Ironically, it appears that while control was indeed taken from the EU, instead of it being transferred back to the UK, it went directly in the hands of the US. This is because the UK has always relied on both the EU and the US, as bigger and stronger unions. Consequently, the UK faces a junior negotiating position in the negotiation of deals both with the EU and US. 



Author: Ioana Onu


Political Risk Analyst


Interview with Marcus How, political risk analyst at ViennEast - a boutique business intelligence, corporate investigations and risk management company specialising in Central and Eastern Europe, the Balkans, the Caucasus and CIS.



Interviewed by: Kinga Jaromin

A Major Step Forward in European Defence Integration


Due to Europe’s deteriorating security situation, there is a pressing need to do more in terms of cooperation and coordination among the EU member states. The need to establish a robust European Defence Action Plan goes hand in hand with the need to achieve deeper European integration and reinforce the role of the EU as a global actor.



Author: Paula Mercado Gomez

EU Foreign Policy:

Normative Power in the Age of Realism


The European Union is unlike any other entity, a ‘trendsetter’ in the areas of economy, domestic politics and international affairs. Functioning as a full member of the international community, the EU emphasises its own way in relations with other countries based on a set of principles commonly referred to as ‘European values’. 



Author: Kinga Jaromin